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Chemistry Department

Academic Programs

The Department of Chemistry offers courses that lead to a Bachelor’s Degree in Chemistry. The Chemistry program aims to develop critical scientific thinking as students develop their future careers or pursue post-graduate studies.

Credits needed for the degree

A student majoring in Chemistry needs to earn a total of 129 credits distributed as follows:

 

Category

Credits

Major

70

Minor

24

University Requirements

34

Electives

1

Total

129

 

The Chemistry major consists of a total of 70 credits to include all 45 credits in the list of required Chemistry major courses in the tables below and a 3 credit course to be selected from the electives list, as well as 22 credits of the Faculty of Science Requirement courses.

 

Major in Chemistry

Required Chemistry Major Courses (45 Cr)

CHEM 113

General Chemistry Lab. I (1)

CHEM 318

Inorg. Chem. Lab. (1)

CHEM 114

General Chemistry Lab. II (1)

CHEM 319

Phys. Chem. Lab. II (1)

CHEM 131

General Chemistry I (3)

CHEM 324

Iden. of Org. Comp. (2)

CHEM 132

General Chemistry II (3)

CHEM 326

Analytical Lab. II (1)

CHEM 221

Organic Chemistry Lab. I (1)

CHEM 331

Physical Chemistry I (3)

CHEM 224

Organic Chemistry Lab. II (1)

CHEM 332

Physical Chemistry II (3)

CHEM 231

Organic Chemistry I (3)

CHEM 335

Inorganic Chemistry I (3)

CHEM 232

Organic Chemistry II (3)

CHEM 336

Inorganic Chemistry II (3)

CHEM 313

Analytical Chemistry Theory (3)

CHEM 337

Quantum Chemistry (3)

CHEM 315

Analytical Chemistry Lab. I (1)

CHEM 389

Chemistry Seminar (1)

CHEM 317

Physical Chemistry Lab. I (1)

CHEM 391

Spectroscopy (3)

 

Elective Chemistry Major Courses (3 Cr)

CHEM 421

Organic Chemistry III (3)

CHEM 497

Environmental Chemistry (3)

CHEM 424

Introduction to Organic Synthesis (2)

CHEM 498

Chemistry Literature (1)

CHEM 427

Technical Analysis (2)

CHEM 499

Special Topics in Chemistry (2)

 

Faculty of Science Required Courses (22 Cr)

BIOL 001

Lab for Biology 141 (R)

PHYS 113

Laboratory Practice (1)

BIOL 141

Principles of Biology I (4)

CAIS 131

Computer Programming (3)

PHYS 131

General Physics I (3)

MATH 141

Calculus & A. Geometry I (4)

PHYS 132

General Physics II (3)

MATH 142

Calculus & A. Geometry II (4)

 

For Acceptance to Major Criteria refer to #9 under Academic Regulations.

 

Paradigm of courses: Bachelor of Science in Chemistry

First Year

FALL SEMESTER

CR

SPRING SEMESTER

CR

CHEM 113L

General Chemistry Lab. I

1

CHEM 114L

General Chemistry Lab. II

1

CHEM 131

General Chemistry I

3

CHEM 132

General Chemistry II

3

BIOL 001

Lab for Bio. 141

R

MATH 142

Calculus II

4

BIOL 141

Principles of Biology I

4

PHYS 131

General Physics

3

MATH 141

Calculus & A. Geometry I

4

ENGL 121

English Language Skills II

3

ENGL 120

English Language Skills I

3

ARAB 120

Arabic Language Skills I

3

PSED 101

Physical Education

1

 

 

 

LIBR 101

Library Skills

R

 

 

 

 

 

16

 

 

17

 

Second Year

FALL SEMESTER

CR

SPRING SEMESTER

CR

CHEM 221L

Organic Chemistry Lab I

1

CHEM 224L

Organic Chemistry Lab II

1

CHEM 231

Organic Chemistry I

3

CHEM 232

Organic Chemistry II

3

CHEM 313

Analytical Chemistry I

3

CHEM 315L

Analytical Chem. Lab I

1

PHYS 113L

Physics Lab I

1

CAIS 131

Computer Programming

3

PHYS 132

General Physics II

3

ENGL 213

English Lang. Skills III

3

HIST 120

Hist. of Modern Palestine

3

CMSR 101

Community Service

1

 

Minor

3

 

Fine Arts Requirement

2

 

 

 

 

Minor

3

 

 

17

 

 

17

 

Third Year

FALL SEMESTER

CR

SPRING SEMESTER

CR

CHEM 326L

Analytical Chemistry II

1

CHEM 317L

Physical Chemistry Lab I

1

CHEM 331

Physical Chemistry I

3

CHEM 332

Physical Chemistry II

3

CHEM 337

Quantum Chemistry

3

CHEM 391

Spectroscopy

3

ARAB 121

Arabic Language Skills II

3

ECON 300

Basic Economics

3

 

Minor

3

 

Minor

3

 

Minor

3

 

Minor

3

 

 

16

 

 

16

 

Fourth Year

FALL SEMESTER

CR

SPRING SEMESTER

CR

CHEM 319L

Physical Chemistry Lab II

1

CHEM 318L

Inorganic Chemistry L

1

CHEM 324

Identification of Organic

2

CHEM 336

Inorganic Chemistry II

3

CHEM 335

Inorganic Chemistry I

3

CHEM 389

Chemistry Seminar

1

RELS 300

Cultural Religious Studies

3

POLS 300

Themes in Political Science

3

 

Major Elective

3

PHIL 302

Issues in Phil. And Ethics

3

 

Minor

3

 

General Elective

1

 

 

 

 

Minor

3

 

 

15

 

 

15

 

Student majoring in Chemistry are provided the opportunity to minorin a discipline other than their major field. A student may take a Minor program consisting of 24 credits offered by the Faculty of Science such as Medical Laboratory Sciences (26 cr), Biology, Mathematics, Computer Information System, Physics, and Industrial Chemistry.

Minors offered by the Department of Chemistry

The Department of Chemistry provides the opportunity for all students to join the program towards a Minor in Industrial Chemistry. To earn this Minor, students are required to successfully complete 24 credits as follows.

Minor in Industrial Chemistry

To earn this Minor, students are required to successfully complete 24 credits of the following courses:

CHEM 110

Industrial Chemistry Lab I (1)

CHEM 351

Detergents Chemistry I (2)

CHEM 111

Industrial Chemistry Lab II (1)

CHEM 352

Detergents Chemistry II (2)

CHEM 115

Detergent Chemistry Lab I (1)

CHEM 361

Polymer Chemistry I (2)

CHEM 117

Polymer Chemistry Lab I (1)

CHEM 362

Polymer Chemistry II E* (2)

CHEM 118

Polymer Chem. Lab II E* (1)

CHEM 371

Pharmaceutical Chemistry I (2)

CHEM 119

Pharmaceutical Chem. Lab I (1)

CHEM 372

Pharmaceutical Chemistry II E* (2)

CHEM 120

Pharmaceutical C. Lab II E* (1)

CHEM 431

Food Chemistry & Technology E* (3)

CHEM 251

Industrial Chemistry I (2)

CHEM 497

Environmental Chemistry E* (3)

CHEM 252

Industrial Chemistry II (2)

 

 

 

E*: Minor Elective Courses

 

Minor in Chemistry

To earn this minor, students are required to successfully complete all 24 credits of the following courses:

CHEM 114

General Chemistry Lab II (1)

CHEM 313

Analytical Chemistry Theory (3)

CHEM 132

General Chemistry II (3)

CHEM 315

Analytical Laboratory I (1)

CHEM 221

Organic Chemistry Lab I (1)

CHEM 317

Physical Chemistry Lab I (1)

CHEM 224

Organic Chemistry Lab II (1)

CHEM 326

Analytical Chemisty Lab II (1)

CHEM 231

Organic Chemistry I (3)

CHEM 331

Physical Chemistry I (3)

CHEM 232

Organic Chemistry Lab II (3)

CHEM 332

Physical Chemistry II (3)

 

Description of courses

CHEM 110 Industrial Chemistry Laboratory I (Cr. 1)

This course introduces students to the properties and pollutants of water, analyzing and purifying water, preparation of gases and making tests, extraction and making fragrances.  Co-requisite: CHEM 251

CHEM 111 Industrial Chemistry Laboratory II (Cr. 1)

This laboratory course introduces students to the kinds of operations that occur in a commercial chemical laboratory. Students learn the principal techniques of industrial chemistry in making cosmetic products such as shampoos, creams, lotions, gels, cleansers, and natural adhesives. Visiting factories is scheduled during the course for observation.  Co-requisite: CHEM 252

CHEM 113 General Chemistry Laboratory (Cr. 1)

This course provides practical experience necessary to understand and appreciate better the information presented in the lectures and text of CHEM131. It acquaints students with several quantitative techniques in addition to basic qualitative analysis. Co-requisite: CHEM 131

CHEM 114 General Chemistry Laboratory (Cr. 1)

The course complements CHEM 132 in providing the practical experience to understand well the theoretical lecture. It is a continuation to CHEM 113. Prerequisite: CHEM 113

CHEM 115 Detergent Chemistry Laboratory I (Cr. 1)

This laboratory course introduces students to the kinds of operations that occur in a commercial chemical laboratory. Students learn the principal techniques of industrial chemistry in making detergent products such as liquid, powder, paste and gel detergents, disinfectants, and alkaline metal cleaners. Visiting factories is scheduled during the course.  Co-requisite: CHEM 351

CHEM 116 Detergent Chemistry Laboratory II (Cr. 1)

This course is a continuation of CHEM 115 which concentrates on the preparation of toilet and bar soaps, hand liquid soap, determination of iodine and saponification values of oils. Students analyze a commercial detergent at the end of the course.  Co-requisite: CHEM 352

CHEM 117 Polymer Chemistry Laboratory I (Cr. 1)

Students learn how to prepare and test some kinds of polymers, such as Lucite urea-formaldehyde, rayon, nylon, PVA and their properties. Concerning waste disposal, considerable attention is paid to the question of safe operation and safe disposal of wastes.  Co-requisite: CHEM 361

CHEM 118 Polymer Chemistry Laboratory II (Cr. 1)

This course is a continuation of Chem 117 which concentrates on the preparation of natural adhesives, rubber, animal glue and glyptal resins as well as some properties and physical tests. Co-requisite: CHEM 362

CHEM 119 Pharmaceutical Chemistry Laboratory I (Cr. 1)

This laboratory course introduces students to the kinds of operations that occur in a commercial chemical laboratory. Students learn the principal techniques of making common drugs, such as aspirin, lidocaine, sulfanilamide and acetaminophen, identification of drugs and analysis of commercial drugs. Co-requisite: CHEM 371

CHEM 120 Pharmaceutical Chemistry Laboratory II (Cr. 1)

This course is a continuation of Chem. 119 which concentrates on the preparation of drugs and instrumental analyses and tests. Co-requisite: CHEM 372

CHEM 121 Introductory Chemistry (Cr. 3)

A course for Nursing students which requires no previous study of chemistry. It covers the basics of the atomic theory, chemical arithmetic, properties of solutions and gases, and chemical bonding, basic organic and biochemistry.

CHEM 131 General Chemistry I (Cr. 3)

An introductory course that covers the electronic structure of atoms, basic chemical laws calculations, stoichiometry, bonding, phase studies, and periodic trends.

CHEM 132 General Chemistry II (Cr. 3)

The course completes CHEM 131 and concentrates on gases and gas laws, solutions thermodynamics, kinetics, equilibria, acids, bases, and redox reactions. The chemistry of some representative elements and a few selected topics are also presented. Prerequisite: CHEM 131

CHEM 221 Organic Chemistry Laboratory I (Cr. 1)

This course will concentrate on safety and laboratory techniques of organic chemistry (melting and boiling points, distillation, extraction, T.L.C, crystallization & purification). Included in the course are preparations of such compounds as acetanilide, n-butyl bromide, hydrocarbons, alcohols, aspirin.  Co-requisite: CHEM 231

CHEM 224 Organic Chemistry Laboratory II (Cr. 1)

A continuation of CHEM 221 Laboratory course. Included in this course is an array of organic reactions, substitutions and synthesis reactions such as nitration of aromatic compounds, alkyl halides, aldehydes and ketones, esters, aniline, p-nitrophenol, kinetics. Co-requisite: CHEM 232

CHEM 231 Organic Chemistry I (Cr. 3)

The course includes a relatively detailed study of organic structures and mechanisms as applied to alkan, alkenes, alkynes, and alicyclic compounds, as well as stereochemistry and resonance. Prerequisite: CHEM 132

CHEM 232 Organic Chemistry II (Cr. 3)

This course covers aromatic compounds and their reactions, carboxylic acids and their derivatives, aldehydes, ketones, alcohols, ethers and amines, as well as spectroscopy. Prerequisite: CHEM 231

CHEM 251 Industrial Chemistry I (Cr. 2)

This course covers the following: survey of factory organizations, water resources & treatment, energy resources, important gases, inorganic chemical industries, steel manufacture, ceramics, glasses and cement.

CHEM 252 Industrial Chemistry II (Cr. 2)

This is a continuation of Chem. 251. The course involves the study of surface active agents as to chemical structure, as well as crude oils and gas, dyes (natural & synthesis), perfumes, fragrances include types, natural, semi natural and synthetic ones, agrochemicals, petroleum resources & refining, the concept of HLB (hydrophilic-lipophilic balance). Prerequisite: CHEM 251

CHEM 313 Analytical Chemistry Theory (Cr. 3)

This course involves the study of chemistry in solution. It deals with the gravimetric, volumetric theories and techniques as well as acid base, oxidation-reduction, compleximetry, precipitation and titration. It also covers some spectrophotometric and instrumental theory. Prerequisite: CHEM 132

CHEM 315 Analytical Chemistry Laboratory I (Cr. 1)

This lab course stresses quantitative measurements in chemistry. It emphasizes a variety of instrumental methods used in modern laboratories. Theoretical treatment of various techniques and principles are also covered. Prerequisite: CHEM 313

CHEM 317 Physical Chemistry Laboratory I (Cr. 1)

Quantitative instrumental methods in physical chemistry; kinetics, vacuum technology and spectroscopy are treated in this course. Prerequisite: CHEM 331

CHEM 318 Inorganic Chemistry Laboratory I (Cr. 1)

Synthetic techniques in inorganic chemistry are covered. Prerequisite: CHEM 335

CHEM 319 Physical Chemistry Laboratory II (Cr. 1)

This course is a continuation of CHEM 317. A wider range of physical chemistry experiments is offered. Prerequisite: CHEM 317, 331, 332

CHEM 324 Identification of Organic Compounds (Cr. 2)

This course is designed for qualitative identification of organic compounds and mixtures with emphasis on techniques of separation, purification, chemical and spectral identification. Prerequisite: CHEM 232, 224

CHEM 326 Analytical Chemistry Laboratory II (Cr. 1)

The course is a continuation of CHEM 315. Prerequisite: CHEM 315

CHEM 331 Physical Chemistry I (Cr. 3)

This course involves the study of gases, distribution laws, thermodynamics and phase equilibria. It emphasizes derivations and mathematical rigor. Prerequisite: CHEM 232¸ MATH 142, PHYS 132

CHEM 332 Physical Chemistry II (Cr. 3)

The course includes the concepts of probability and kinetics in chemical reactions, photochemical and electrochemical reactions, and surface catalysis. Prerequisite: CHEM 331

CHEM 335 Inorganic Chemistry I (Cr. 3)

The course includes studies of quantum mechanics, atomic and molecular structures, ionic compounds, covalent compounds, molecular orbital theory, acid-base theory, non-aqueous solvents, inorganic thermodynamics, electrochemistry, and a survey of chemical forces. Prerequisite: CHEM 337

CHEM 336 Inorganic Chemistry II (Cr. 3)

This course emphasizes coordination chemistry, transition elements, and other selected groups from the periodic table, especially the halogens, active metals, boron and silicon chemistry. Prerequisite: CHEM 335

CHEM 337 Quantum Chemistry (Cr. 3)

This course is an introduction to modern concepts of atomic structure and chemical bonding. Quantum mechanical theory and its application to spectroscopy are covered. Prerequisite: CHEM 232, Recommended: MATH 241

CHEM 351 Detergents Chemistry I (Cr. 2)

The first part of the course includes a detailed study of raw materials as to: sources, chemistry, detergency, micelle theory, types of detergents, methods of preparation, types of surfactants and their applications, types of soaps and shampoos, types of cleansers. Additives, preservatives, thickening agents, colorants and perfumes are also studied.  Prerequisite: CHEM 251, 252

CHEM 352 Detergents Chemistry II (Cr. 2)

This phase of the study involves a detailed study of raw materials, especially olive oil, coconut oil, linseed oil, cottonseed oil, palm oil and neat foot oil and their chemistry and applications. Soap bars are studied with reference to local manufacturing of soap bars such as locally made soap (Aljamal-Nablus) and licensed manufactured FA soap bars. Synthetic detergents concentrate on the detailed manufacture of linear alkyl-benzene sulfonates and their applications. Methodologies such as the spray dry method to produce powders are presented. Heavy duty as well as industrial, automotive and machine-based detergents is also presented.  Prerequisite: CHEM 351

CHEM 361 Polymer Chemistry I (Cr. 2)

This course offers the basic theory of polymer study including, polymerization theory (stepwise condensation and addition polymers, copolymerization which includes random, block and graft copolymerization), stereo specific polymers, polymer types and applications. Chemical structure and methods of monomers and polymers preparation are considered.

CHEM 362 Polymer Chemistry II (Cr. 2)

This phase of the polymer study includes the study of the manufacture of plastics and rubber (i.e. synthetic and natural rubber). The technologies involve applications in tire industries, inner tube industries, elastomers, and rubber tubing. Adhesives include the study of: natural adhesives of plant and animal origin such as starch, synthetic adhesives based on polyvinyl acetate polymers (Polybond), nitrocellulose, or rubber polymers (ago).  Prerequisite: CHEM 361

CHEM 371 Pharmaceutical Chemistry I (Cr. 2)

The basic chemistry of drugs includes typical synthetic approaches, which include oxidation, reduction, cyclization, and condensation reactions. Typical examples are the preparation of aspirin, penicillin, and some drugs extracted from plants such as digitalis. Types of drugs are presented which include analgesics, and antipyretics, cardio-vascular drugs, pulmonary drugs, antibiotic drugs, and nervous system drugs.

CHEM 372 Pharmaceutical Chemistry II (Cr. 2)

This is an advanced course that includes the detailed study of drug-receptor, drug-drug and drug excipients interactions. The analytical and physical tests of finished pharmaceutical dosage forms are thoroughly discussed. Antibacterial agents such as penicillin and Cephalosponins as well as recently developed antibiotics are also mentioned.  Prerequisite: CHEM 371

CHEM 389 Senior Seminar in Chemistry, (Cr. 1)

Selected topics in chemistry or related sciences are presented by senior students. It involves intensive research study on a particular subject under the direction and guidance of a faculty member. Students may present practical applications as well. The student's involvement, discussion, participation and responses to questions are an integral part of the seminar.

CHEM 391 Spectrometric Identification of Organic Compounds (Cr. 3)

This course is designed for quantitative identification of organic compounds with emphasis on the spectrometric techniques of proton magnetic resonance, C-13 magnetic resonance, infrared spectroscopy, mass spectroscopy and ultraviolet spectroscopy. Prerequisite: CHEM 232

CHEM 421 Organic Chemistry III (Cr. 3)

Special topics in organic chemistry are introduced. Prerequisite: CHEM 232

CHEM 424 Introduction to Organic Synthesis (Cr. 2)

This course includes the chemistry and synthesis of oxygen, nitrogen, and sulfur compounds. Prerequisite: CHEM 232.

CHEM 427 Technical Analysis (Cr. 2)

This is a laboratory course that introduces students to industrial quality control and testing of various products, e.g. cloth, wines, oil, milk, etc. Prerequisite: CHEM 224, 232

CHEM 431 Food Chemistry and Technology (Cr. 3)

This course covers the main components of food, i.e. Carbohydrates, Proteins, Fats, Vitamins, colors and flavors. The updated know-how technique in making, preserving and flavor additives for food and its effect on its components, compositions and their changes with time for the taste, color and the public health prevention are considered.

CHEM 497 Environmental Chemistry (Cr. 3)

This course is an introduction to environmental chemistry, related problems of the environment, study of water analysis and purity, soil analysis, air pollution and its causes, and treatment of pollutants. The course also includes analytical methods for pollutants and pesticides.

CHEM 498 Chemical Literature (Cr. 1)

This course introduces a variety of publications involved with chemical research, and the use of chemical abstracts and other such sources. The course also includes readings and presentations by the students of recent papers from the original literature.

CHEM 499 Special Topics in Chemistry (Cr. 2)

This is a course covering a wide range of topics of interest.  Prerequisite: Consent of instructor.

Faculty of Science

Dr. Michel Hanania
Dean
mhanania@bethlehem.edu
Tel: +972 2 2741241-5, ext: 2206

Fax: +972 2 2744440

Frida Emerezian
Secretary
frida@bethlehem.edu
Tel: +972 2 2741241-5, ext: 2258
Fax: +972 2 2744440
Bethlehem University Foundation
Email: brds@bufusa.org
Phone: +1-240-241-4381
Fax: +1-240-553-7691
Beltsville, MD USA
Bethlehem University in the Holy Land
E-mail: info@bethlehem.edu
Phone: +972-2-274-1241
Fax: +972-2-274-4440
Bethlehem, Palestine